3. – 6. December 2004 – Sofia
Minority and Majority in the Balkans: Ways of Interaction

Identify Molecule

The final seminar was on the role of minorities in the Balkans, and the role of the Balkans as a minority within Europe. Participants also prepared presentations on the current state of minority groups in their country, and share this information with others. The trainers developed new interactive activities designed to provoke discussion about minority and majority issues within Europe. These activities included role-plays, discussion groups, and a film on the Karakachan minority in Bulgaria.

This workshop also included an optional additional workshop on the “German and French mutual process of removing hostile concepts from textbooks,” delivered by Dr. Rainer Bendick. In this workshop, Dr. Bendick discussed the gradual attempt to reconcile the history teaching practices in France and Germany, from the First World War to the present day.

The seminar was designed and performed by Aleksei Kalionski , Sofia University, Alexander Nikolov (Sofia University) and Vanya Ivanova (IIZ/DVV-regional office-Sofia)


11. – 12. November 2004 – Belgrade
Interactive Methods in History Teaching

Interactive Methods

The second teacher training focused specifically on interactive methods in history teaching. This very hands-on workshop gave participants a chance to try out many interactive activities, ranging from debates to role-plays, and offered suggestions on how to use multimedia resources in the classroom. Participants received valuable experience and feedback in constructing visual displays, and delivering presentations. There was also discussion on motivating students, and classroom management. The content of this workshop was based closely on the interactive methods that were taught in the original History Project in Germany.

The seminar has been prepared and performed by Jelena Jakovljevic, Institute for Improvement of Education of Republic of Serbia, Center for Vocational and Art Education and Zoran Skopljak, Institute for European Studies, Serbia



28. – 30. October 2004 – Sarajevo
Conference on History Views and Human Rights

The History Project Conference brought together various professionals from the region working in the field of history, reconciliation, human rights, civic education, and adult education in order to plan and discuss future initiatives for improving human rights and reconciliation in South East Europe The conference included participants from Albania, Bosnia & Herzogovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Macedonia, Romania, Serbia & Montenegro, and Slovenia. There was a series of academic lectures, and workshops on reconciliation and human rights.

The lectures at the conference were organized according to four key areas, all of them relevant to history teaching:

  • Perspectives on history education in South Eastern Europe
  • Towards a human rights approach
  • Diversity and religion
  • Alternative methodologies in history education


3. – 5. September 2004 – Mostar
Teaching and Learning About Europe

Teacher Training in Mostar

The first teacher training session focused on teaching about Europe and the European Union using participatory learning techniques. Dr. Karlheinz Duerr, who conducted the workshop, discussed EU institutions, European values, and demonstrated some teaching techniques for introducing those topics in the classroom. This topic was of importance, since many of the participants came from countries as Albania, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Macedonia, Serbia and Montenegro which future is within EU and Bulgaria and Romania who will join EU in 2007.


The training concept was prepared and performed by Dr. Karlhainz Duerr, Head of Section Europe, Treasurer, Civitas International, Brussels, State Institute for Civic Education, Baden-Wurttemberg



Coordinators meeting

1. – 3. September 2004 - Mostar
Coordinators Seminar

The seminar is focused on the event of reopening of the bridge of Mostar, destroyed in 1993, as a symbol of peaceful cooperation. Each of the participating countries was represented by 2 people (one coordinator and one person involved in the sphere of history teaching).

The first part of the meeting explored the project itself and set joint goals and ideas for the future. The focus here was the implementation of the Travelling Exhibition and all the required technical preparation. There was some time regarding the topics and the materials.




The Travelling Exhibition

The Travelling Exhibition of the History Project began in Skopje, Macedonia, in September 20, and ended in Sofia, Bulgaria, on December 15. During its travels, the exhibit passed through Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Serbia & Montenegro, and Romania. The exhibits, which came from the participating countries, showcased different methods of learning about history, ranging from oral history, to photographs, to video

The topics of the exhibits were as follows:

The Travelling Exhibition

Bosnia & Herzegovina: “Sarajevo 1992-1995: Sarajevo during the Communist regime and the war”

The exhibit from Bosnia & Herzegovina showcases many photos of Sarajevo, which reveal the changes the city has undergone, from Communist times to the war, to the reconstruction.

Macedonia: “Future”

The Macedonian exhibition includes a display on 10 years of Macedonian independence, and the winning entries from a photo contest on the topic, “How do you see Macedonia?”

Albania: “Exploring the Past, Building the Future – The Prison of Spac”

The Albanian exhibit showcases Spac, a notorious prison dating back to Communist times. The displays were organized around an oral history project where high school students interviewed former prisoners.

Bulgaria: “The Socialist Bulgarian Youth – 1944-1989”

The Bulgarian part of the exhibition featured personal stories from individuals who participated in youth programs under Socialism. The goal was to foster understanding between the generations, and offer a different perspective on the past.

Remember for the Future

Romania: “The Armed Anti-Communist Resistance in Romania During 1944-1962”

This exhibit portrays the sacrifices of individuals and partisan groups in the struggle against the Communist regime. The displays include photos, maps, and written texts from the period, along with interviews from former partisan fighters.


Serbia & Montenegro: “The Student Protest 1996-1997”

The Serbian exhibit describes two years of protest against the Milosevic regime. It includes the books, photos, political literature, music, pamphlets, and badges from this key event.